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What You Need to Know About Leukemia as Ondo State Mourns Loss of Governor Akeredolu to Leukemia

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Akeredolu: Understanding and Its Impact.

In a somber turn of events, Governor Oluwarotimi Akeredolu of Ondo State has passed away at the age of 67 after a prolonged battle with a mysterious illness, later revealed to be leukemia. The news of his demise surfaced on a Wednesday morning, marking the end of a remarkable journey for the Senior Advocate of Nigeria and former President of the Nigerian Bar Association.

What is Leukemia?

Leukemia, derived from the Greek words “leukos” (white) and “haima” (blood), is a form of cancer that manifests as the rapid growth of abnormal blood cells.

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Unlike other cancers, leukemia doesn’t typically form tumors but rather involves the uncontrolled proliferation of immature white blood cells in the bone marrow, where the body’s blood is primarily produced.

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How Leukemia Develops

This cancerous growth begins in the bone marrow, crowding out the normal development of healthy red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. The abnormal Hematopoietic neoplasia cells take over, hindering the body’s ability to maintain proper blood cell balance and function.

Impact on the Body

Leukemia’s detrimental impact stems from an excess of leukemia cells, resulting in a scarcity of normal blood cells. This imbalance leads to insufficient oxygen supply to organs, compromised immune responses, and an inability to form blood clots as needed.

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There are four main types of leukemia:

  1. Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia (ALL): Common in children and young adults.
  2. Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML): Predominant in adults, especially those over 65.
  3. Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL): Most common in adults, typically over 65.
  4. Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML): Occurs more in older adults, with symptoms often delayed.

Leukemia ranks as the 10th most common cancer worldwide, accounting for 3.2% of all new cancer cases. While its exact cause remains elusive, mutations in the DNA of bone marrow cells are identified as the initiating factor.

and Diagnosis

Symptoms vary based on leukemia type but commonly include fatigue, fever, infections, weight loss, and pain. Routine blood work often reveals abnormalities, prompting further diagnostic tests.

and Treatment approaches, such as chemotherapy, immunotherapy, targeted therapy, radiation therapy, and hematopoietic cell transplant, depend on leukemia type, age, overall health, and the extent of organ involvement.

Governor Akeredolu’s battle with leukemia sheds light on the challenges posed by this complex condition, emphasizing the importance of awareness, early detection, and advancements in leukemia treatment.

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Leukemia FAQs: Understanding the Blood Cancer

What is Leukemia?

  • A: Leukemia is a cancer of the bone marrow, where blood cells are made. It causes the bone marrow to produce abnormal white blood cells, which can’t effectively fight infections and hinder other blood cell functions.

What are the symptoms of Leukemia?

  • A: Symptoms can vary depending on the type and severity of Hematopoietic neoplasia, but commonly include:
    • Fever, chills, and night sweats
    • Fatigue and weakness
    • Frequent infections
    • Easy bruising and bleeding
    • Swollen lymph nodes
    • Bone or joint pain
    • Loss of appetite and weight loss

What causes Leukemia?

  • A: The exact cause is unknown, but risk factors include:
    • Family history of Hematopoietic neoplasia
    • Genetic mutations
    • Exposure to radiation or certain chemicals
    • Previous cancer treatments

How is Leukemia diagnosed?

  • A: Diagnosis involves blood tests, bone marrow biopsies, and other imaging tests.

How is Leukemia treated?

  • A: Treatment depends on the type and stage of blood cancer and often involves:
    • Chemotherapy
    • Radiation therapy
    • Targeted therapy drugs
    • Stem cell transplantation

Can Leukemia be cured?

  • A: Yes, some types of Leukemia have high cure rates, especially in children. However, the prognosis varies depending on the specific type and individual case.

What are the long-term effects of Leukemia?

  • A: Treatment side effects and increased risk of other health problems are possible, but many people with Leukemia can live long and healthy lives.

Where can I find more information about Leukemia?

Remember:

  • Early diagnosis and prompt treatment are crucial for improving outcomes in Leukemia.
  • If you have concerns about your health or experience possible symptoms, talk to your doctor immediately.
  • Support groups and resources are available to help patients and their families cope with Hematopoietic neoplasia.

Credit : Ejes Gist News, Daily Trust 

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